Publications – 2017

Improving the Measurement of Fertility Regulation Practices: Findings from Qualitative Research in Ghana. Marston, C. ; Renedo, A. ; Nyaaba, G.N. ; Machiyama, K. ; Tapsoba, P. ; Cleland, J. ; Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health, 2017; 43(3):111-119

Physical partner violence, women’s economic status and help-seeking behaviour in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania. Vyas, S. ; Mbwambo, J. ; Glob Health Action, 2017; 10(1):1290426

Identifying gaps in HIV policy and practice along the HIV care continuum: evidence from a national policy review and health facility surveys in urban and rural Kenya. Cawley C, McRobie E, Oti S, Njamwea B, Nyaguara A, Odhiambo F, Otieno F, Njage M, Shoham T, Church K, Mee P, Todd J, Zaba B, Reniers G, Wringe A. Health Policy Plan. 2017 Nov 1;32(9):1316-1326. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czx091

From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. Ambia, J; Renju, J; Wringe, A; Todd, J; Geubbels, E; Nakiyingi-Miiro, J; Urassa, M; Lutalo, T; Crampin, AC; Kwaro, D; Kyobutungi, C; Chimbindi, N; Gomez-Olive, FX; Tlhajoane, M; Njamwea, B; Zaba, B; Mee, P; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 758. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI:

The role of community health workers in improving HIV treatment outcomes in children: lessons learned from the ZENITH trial in Zimbabwe. Busza, J.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Simms, V.; Chikwari, C.D.; Makamba, M.; Mchugh, G.; Munyati, S.; Chonzi, P.; Ferrand, R.A.; Health Policy Plan, 2018.

The effectiveness of smoking cessation, physical activity/diet and alcohol reduction interventions delivered by mobile phones for the prevention of non-communicable diseases: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Palmer, M. ; Sutherland, J.; Barnard, S.; Wynne, A.; Rezel, E.; Doel, A.; Grigsby-Duffy, L.; Edwards, S.; Russell, S.; Hotopf, E.; Perel, P.; Free, C.; PLoS One, 2018; 13(1):e0189801

Who Meets the Contraceptive Needs of Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa? Radovich, E.; Dennis, M.L.; Wong, K.L.M.; Ali, M.; Lynch, C.A.; Cleland, J.; Owolabi, O.; Lyons-Amos, M.; Benova, L.; J Adolesc Health, 2017

eSexual health interventions: promising, but more evidence needed. Wellings, K.; Mehl, G.L.; Free, C.J.; Lancet Public Health, 2017; 2(4):e162-e163

Hospitalisation trends in India from serial cross-sectional nationwide surveys: 1995 to 2014. Pandey, A.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Clarke, L.; Dandona, L.; BMJ Open, 2017; 7(12):e014188

Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection (e-STI) testing and results service: A randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. Wilson, E.; Free, C.; Morris, T.P.; Syred, J.; Ahamed, I.; Menon-Johansson, A.S.; Palmer, M.J.; Barnard, S.; Rezel, E.; Baraitser, P.; PLoS Med, 2017; 14(12):e1002479

An Intervention Delivered by App Instant Messaging to Increase Acceptability and Use of Effective Contraception Among Young Women in Bolivia: Protocol of a Randomized Controlled Trial. McCarthy, O.L.; Osorio Calderon, V.; Makleff, S.; Huaynoca, S.; Leurent, B.; Edwards, P.; Lopez Gallardo, J.; Free, C.; JMIR Res Protoc, 2017; 6(12):e252

“My mother told me that I should not”: a qualitative study exploring the restrictions placed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. Mackworth-Young, C.R.; Bond, V.; Wringe, A.; Konayuma, K.; Clay, S.; Chiiya, C.; Chonta, M.; Sievwright, K.; Stangl, A.L.; J Int AIDS Soc, 2017; 20(4)

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith, C.; Ly, S.; Uk, V.; Warnock, R.; Edwards, P.; Free, C.; Contracept Reprod Med, 2017; 2:16

Assessing loss to follow-up in the MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) randomised controlled trial. Smith, C.; Jarvis, C.; Free, C.; Trials, 2017; 18(1):577

Socio-demographic determinants of the severity of locomotor disability among adults in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study, December 2010-February 2011. Mahmud, I.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Arch Public Health, 2017; 75:47

Heterosexual Practices Among Young People in Britain: Evidence From Three National Surveys of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles. Lewis, R.; Tanton, C.; Mercer, C.H.; Mitchell, K.R.; Palmer, M.; Macdowall, W.; Wellings, K.; J Adolesc Health, 2017; 61(6):694-702

The effect of community-based support for caregivers on the risk of virological failure in children and adolescents with HIV in Harare, Zimbabwe (ZENITH): an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Ferrand, R.A.; Simms, V.; Dauya, E.; Bandason, T.; Mchugh, G.; Mujuru, H.; Chonzi, P.; Busza, J.; Kranzer, K.; Munyati, S.; Weiss, H.A.; Hayes, R.J.;  Lancet Child Adolesc Health, 2017; 1(3):175-183

Point-of-contact Interactive Record Linkage (PIRL): A software tool to prospectively link demographic surveillance and health facility data [version 1; referees: awaiting peer review]. Rentsch CT, Kabudula CW, Catlett J, Beckles D, Machemba R, Mtenga B, Masilela N, Michael D, Natalis R, Urassa M, Todd J, Zaba B, and Reniers G. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:8 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12751.1)

The Network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA): Data on mortality, by HIV status and stage on the HIV care continuum, among the general population in seven longitudinal studies between 1989 and 2014. Slaymaker E, McLean E, Wringe A, Calvert C, Marston M, Reniers G, Kabudula CW, Crampin A, Price A, Michael D, Urassa M, Kwaro D, Sewe M, Eaton JW, Rhead R, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Lutalo T, Nabukalu D, Herbst K, Hosegood V, and Zaba B. Gates Open Research (2017), 1:4 (doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.12753.1)

Tuberculosis mortality and the male survival deficit in rural South Africa: An observational community cohort study. Reniers G, Blom S, Lieber J, Herbst AJ, Calvert C, Bor J, Barnighausen T, Zaba B, Li ZR, Clark SJ, Grant AD, Lessells R, Eaton JW, and Hosegood V (2017). PLoS ONE12(10): e0185692.

The relationship between HIV and fertility in the era of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from 49 Demographic and Health Surveys. Marston, M; Zaba, B; Eaton, JW; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12983

Changes in Fertility at the Population Level in the Era of ART in Rural Malawi. McLean, E; Price, A; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Marston, M; Koole, O; Zaba, B; Crampin, A; ALPHA Network; (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 75 (4). pp. 391-398. ISSN 1525-4135 DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001395

‘I wanted to safeguard the baby’: a qualitative study to understand the experiences of Option B+ for pregnant women and the potential implications for ‘test-and-treat’ in four sub-Saharan African settings. McLean, E; Renju, J; Wamoyi, J; Bukenya, D; Ddaaki, W; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052972

Understanding the relationship between couple dynamics and engagement with HIV care services: insights from a qualitative study in Eastern and Southern Africa. Wamoyi, J; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Nyato, D; Mbata, D; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052976

HIV testing experiences and their implications for patient engagement with HIV care and treatment on the eve of ‘test and treat’: findings from a multicountry qualitative study. Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Nyamukapa, C; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Ddaaki, W; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; Church, K; Zaba, B; Hosegood, V; Bonnington, O; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052969

Bottlenecks to HIV care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-country qualitative study. Wringe, A; Renju, J; Seeley, J; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053172

Changing forms of HIV-related stigma along the HIV care and treatment continuum in sub-Saharan Africa: a temporal analysis. Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Ddaaki, W; Bukenya, D; Ondenge, K; Skovdal, M; Renju, J; Moshabela, M; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052975

‘I am treated well if I adhere to my HIV medication’: putting patient-provider interactions in context through insights from qualitative research in five sub-Saharan African countries. Ondenge, K; Renju, J; Bonnington, O; Moshabela, M; Wamoyi, J; Nyamukapa, C; Seeley, J; Wringe, A; Skovdal, M; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052973

Using theories of practice to understand HIV-positive persons varied engagement with HIV services: a qualitative study in six Sub-Saharan African countries. Skovdal, M; Wringe, A; Seeley, J; Renju, J; Paparini, S; Wamoyi, J; Moshabela, M; Ddaaki, W; Nyamukapa, C; Ondenge, K; Bernays, S; Bonnington, O; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052977

‘Side effects’ are ‘central effects’ that challenge retention in HIV treatment programmes in six sub-Saharan African countries: a multicountry qualitative study. Renju, J; Moshabela, M; McLean, E; Ddaaki, W; Skovdal, M; Odongo, F; Bukenya, D; Wamoyi, J; Bonnington, O; Seeley, J; Zaba, B; Wringe, A; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections, 93 (Suppl 3). ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052971

Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Ruzagira, E; Baisley, K; Kamali, A; Biraro, S; Grosskurth, H; Wringe, A; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care; (2017). Tropical medicine & international health. ISSN 1360-2276 DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12888

Scaling a waterfall: a meta-ethnography of adolescent progression through the stages of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa.  Williams, S; Renju, J; Ghilardi, L; Wringe, A; (2017) J. Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21922

A qualitative study exploring the social and environmental context of recently acquired HIV infection among men who have sex with men in South-East England. Gourlay, A; Fox, J; Gafos, M; Fidler, S; Nwokolo, N; Clarke, A; Gilson, R; Orkin, C; Collins, S; Porter, K; Hart, G; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (8). e016494. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016494

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Continuum of Care in European Union Countries in 2013: Data and Challenges.  Gourlay, A; Noori, T; Pharris, A; Axelsson, M; Costagliola, D; Cowan, S; Croxford, S; d’Arminio Monforte, A; Del Amo, J; Delpech, V; Díaz, A; Girardi, E; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B; Hernando, V; Jose, S; Leierer, G; Nikolopoulos, G; Obel, N; Op de Coul, E; Paraskeva, D; Reiss, P; Sabin, C; Sasse, A; Schmid, D; Sonnerborg, A; Spina, A; Suligoi, B; Supervie, V; Touloumi, G; Van Beckhoven, D; van Sighem, A; Vourli, G; Zangerle, R; Porter, K; European HIV Continuum of Care Working Group; (2017). Clinical infectious diseases, 64 (12). pp. 1644-1656. ISSN 1058-4838 DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix212

Towards standardised definitions for monitoring the continuum of HIV care in Europe. Gourlay, A; Pharris, AM; Noori, T; Supervie, V; Rosinska, M; van Sighem, A; Touloumi, G; Porter, K; (2017). AIDS (London, England). ISSN 0269-9370 DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001597

“It is good to take her early to the doctor” – mothers’ understanding of childhood pneumonia symptoms and health care seeking in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Muro, F; Meta, J; Renju, J; Mushi, A; Mbakilwa, H; Olomi, R; Reyburn, H; Hildenwall, H; (2017). BMC Int Health Hum Rights, 17 (1). p. 27. ISSN 1472-698X DOI: 10.1186/s12914-017-0135-1

Implementation effectiveness of revised (post-2010) World Health Organization guidelines on prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV using routinely collected data in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic literature review. Gumede-Moyo, S; Filteau, S; Munthali, T; Todd, J; Musonda, P; (2017). Medicine, 96 (40). e8055. ISSN 0025-7974 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008055

Elevated blood pressure and correlates in a cohort of HIV-infected adults who started antiretroviral therapy when undernourished. PrayGod, G; Changalucha, J; Kapiga, S; Todd, J; Filteau, S; Peck, R; (2017). Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn). ISSN 1524-6175 DOI: 10.1111/jch.13031

Pediatric HIV care and treatment services in Tanzania: implications for survival. Somi, G; Majigo, M; Manyahi, J; Nondi, J; Agricola, J; Sambu, V; Todd, J; Rwebembera, A; Makyao, N; Ramadhani, A; Matee, M; (2017). BMC Health Serv Res, 17 (1). p. 540. ISSN 1472-6963 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2492-9

Provider and lay perspectives on intra-uterine contraception: a global review. Daniele, MAS; Cleland, J; Benova, L; Ali, M; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 119. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0380-8

Supportive families versus support from families: The decision to have a child in the Netherlands. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Demographic Research, 37. pp. 417-453. ISSN 1435-9871 DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.14

Local environmental quality positively predicts breastfeeding in the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study. Streeter, LJ; Sear, R; (2017). Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2017 (1). pp. 120-135. DOI: 10.1093/emph/eox011

A randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by app instant messaging to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young people in Tajikistan: study protocol. McCarthy, O; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Tokhirov, R; Free, C; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (9). e017606. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017606

An intervention delivered by text message to increase the acceptability of effective contraception among young women in Palestine: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. McCarthy, OL; Wazwaz, O; Jado, I; Leurent, B; Edwards, P; Adada, S; Stavridis, A; Free, C; (2017). Trials, 18 (1). p. 454. ISSN 1745-6215 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-017-2191-1

Impact of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Clinical and Hypoxemic Childhood Pneumonia over Three Years in Central Malawi: An Observational Study. McCollum, ED; Nambiar, B; Deula, R; Zadutsa, B; Bondo, A; King, C; Beard, J; Liyaya, H; Mankhambo, L; Lazzerini, M; Makwenda, C; Masache, G; Bar-Zeev, N; Kazembe, PN; Mwansambo, C; Lufesi, N; Costello, A; Armstrong, B; Colbourn, T; (2017). PLoS One, 12 (1). e0168209. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168209

Experiences in running a complex electronic data capture system using mobile phones in a large-scale population trial in southern Nepal. Style, S; Beard, BJ; Harris-Fry, H; Sengupta, A; Jha, S; Shrestha, BP; Rai, A; Paudel, V; Thondoo, M; Pulkki-Brannstrom, AM; Skordis-Worrall, J; Manandhar, DS; Costello, A; Saville, NM; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1330858. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1330858

Smartphone tool to collect repeated 24 h dietary recall data in Nepal. Harris-Fry, H. ; Beard, B.J. ; Harrisson, T. ; Paudel, P. ; Shrestha, N. ; Jha, S. ; Shrestha, B.P. ; Manandhar, D.S. ; Costello, A. ; Saville, N.M. (2017). Public health nutrition. pp. 1-13.

Support for new mothers and fertility in the United Kingdom: Not all support is equal in the decision to have a second child. Schaffnit, SB; Sear, R; (2017). Population studies. pp. 1-17. ISSN 0032-4728 DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2017.1349924

Feasibility of assessing the safety and effectiveness of menstrual regulation medications purchased from pharmacies in Bangladesh: a prospective cohort study. Footman, K; Scott, R; Taleb, F; Dijkerman, S; Nuremowla, S; Reiss, K; Church, K; (2017). Contraception. ISSN 0010-7824 DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.002

Evolutionary public health: introducing the concept. Wells, JCK; Nesse, RM; Sear, R; Johnstone, RA; Stearns, SC; (2017). Lancet, 390 (10093). pp. 500-509. ISSN 0140-6736 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30572-X

Marital status and sleeping arrangements predict salivary testosterone in rural Gambian men. Lawson, D.W., Núñez-de la Mora, A, Cooper, G.D., Prentice, A, Moore, S.E. & Sear, R. (2017). Adaptive Human Behavior & Physiology

Population growth, employment, and livelihoods: the triple challenge. Cleland J (2017). Journal of Demographic Economics 83:51-61.

Prospects for accelerated fertility decline in Africa. Cleland J. (2017). Journal of Population and Sustainability: 1 (2):37-66.

‘We identify, discuss, act and promise to prevent similar deaths’: a qualitative study of Ethiopia’s Maternal Death Surveillance and Response system. Abebe, B; Busza, J; Hadush, A; Usmael, A; Zeleke, AB; Sita, S; Hailu, S; Graham, WJ; (2017). BMJ Glob Health, 2 (2). e000199. ISSN 2059-7908 DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000199

Mobile phone text messaging to improve medication adherence in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Adler, AJ; Martin, N; Mariani, J; Tajer, CD; Owolabi, OO; Free, C; Serrano, NC; Casas, JP; Perel, P; (2017). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 4. CD011851. ISSN 1469-493X DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011851.pub2

Where are we now? A multicountry qualitative study to explore access to pre-antiretroviral care services: a precursor to antiretroviral therapy initiation. Bukenya, D; Wringe, A; Moshabela, M; Skovdal, M; Ssekubugu, R; Paparini, S; Renju, J; McLean, E; Bonnington, O; Wamoyi, J; Seeley, J; (2017). Sexually transmitted infections. ISSN 1368-4973 DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2016-052970

Good news for sex workers in Zimbabwe: how a court order improved safety in the absence of decriminalization. Busza, J; Mtetwa, S; Fearon, E; Hofisi, D; Mundawarara, T; Yekeye, R; Magure, T; Mugurungi, O; Cowan, F; (2017). J Int AIDS Soc, 20 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 1758-2652 DOI: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21860

Feasibility of Establishing HIV Case-Based Surveillance to Measure Progress Along the Health Sector Cascade: Situational Assessments in Tanzania, South Africa, and Kenya. Harklerode, R; Schwarcz, S; Hargreaves, J; Boulle, A; Todd, J; Xueref, S; Rice, B; (2017). JMIR Public Health Surveill, 3 (3). e44. ISSN 2369-2960 DOI: 10.2196/publichealth.7610

Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. John, B; Todd, J; Mboya, I; Mosha, M; Urassa, M; Mtuy, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 588. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4512-4

Reasons for unmet need for family planning, with attention to the measurement of fertility preferences: protocol for a multi-site cohort study. Machiyama, K; Casterline, JB; Mumah, JN; Huda, FA; Obare, F; Odwe, G; Kabiru, CW; Yeasmin, S; Cleland, J; (2017). Reprod Health, 14 (1). p. 23. ISSN 1742-4755 DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0268-z

Consequences of maternal morbidity on health-related functioning: a systematic scoping review. Machiyama, K; Hirose, A; Cresswell, JA; Barreix, M; Chou, D; Kostanjsek, N; Say, L; Filippi, V; (2017). BMJ Open, 7 (6). e013903. ISSN 2044-6055 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013903

Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: a mixed methods study. Mayhew, SH; Colombini, M; Kimani, JK; Tomlin, K; Warren, CE; Integra Initiative; Mutemwa, R; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 626. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4514-2

Prevalence,awareness and factors associated with hypertension in North West Tanzania. Mosha, NR; Mahande, M; Juma, A; Mboya, I; Peck, R; Urassa, M; Michael, D; Todd, J; (2017). Global health action, 10 (1). p. 1321279. ISSN 1654-9716 DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1321279

Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. Price, AJ; Glynn, J; Chihana, M; Kayuni, N; Floyd, S; Slaymaker, E; Reniers, G; Zaba, B; McLean, E; Kalobekamo, F; Koole, O; Nyirenda, M; Crampin, AC; (2017). International journal of epidemiology, 46 (2). pp. 479-491. ISSN 0300-5771 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyw208

Delaying first birth: an analysis of household survey data from rural Southern Tanzania. Sedekia, Y; Nathan, R; Church, K; Temu, S; Hanson, C; Schellenberg, J; Marchant, T; (2017). BMC Public Health, 17 (1). p. 134. ISSN 1471-2458 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4069-2

Impact of Integrated Services on HIV Testing: A Nonrandomized Trial among Kenyan Family Planning Clients. Church, K; Warren, CE; Birdthistle, I; Ploubidis, GB; Tomlin, K; Zhou, W; Kimani, J; Abuya, T; Ndwiga, C; Sweeney, S; Mayhew, SH; Integra Initiative. Stud Fam Plann. (2017), ISSN 1728-4465 DOI: 10.1111/sifp.12022

Marital violence and sexually transmitted infections among women in post-revolution Egypt. Vyas, Seema. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (2017),

Women’s views and experiences of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R and Free C; Reproductive Health 201714:72

Process evaluation of a mobile phone-based intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia. Smith C, Ly S, Uk V, Warnock R, Edwards P, Free C; Contraception and Reproductive Medicine 2017; 2:16

Increasing contraception use with mobile phone-based interventions. Smith C. PhD (research paper style) thesis (2017), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

The promotion of intra-uterine contraception in low- and middle-income countries: a narrative review. Cleland, J. ; Ali, M. ; Benova, L. ; Daniele, M. ; Contraception, 2017

A qualitative study of the determinants of HIV guidelines implementation in two south-eastern districts of Tanzania. Mwangome, M.N. ; Geubbels, E. ; Wringe, A. ; Todd, J. ; Klatser, P. ; Dieleman, M. ; Health Policy Plan, 2017

CLINICAL outcomes and loss to follow-up among people living with HIV participating in the NAMWEZA intervention in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a prospective cohort study. Siril, H.N. ; Kaaya, S.F. ; Smith Fawzi, M.K. ; Mtisi, E. ; Somba, M. ; Kilewo, J. ; Mugusi, F. ; Minja, A. ; Kaale, A. ; TODD, J. ; AIDS Res Ther, 2017; 14(1):18

HIV policy implementation in two health and demographic surveillance sites in Uganda: findings from a national policy review, health facility surveys and key informant interviews. McRobie E, Wringe A, Nakiyingi-Miiro J, Kiweewa F, Lutalo T, Nakigozi G, Todd J, Eaton JW, Zaba B, and Church K. Implementation Science 2017; 12:47.

The effects of HIV on fertility by infection duration: evidence from African population cohorts before antiretroviral treatment availability. Marston M., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Kusemererwa S, Urassa M., Michael D., Nyamukapa C., Gregson S., Zaba B., Eaton J.W.; ALPHA network.  AIDS 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S69-S76.

Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: Findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries. Church K., Machiyama K., Todd J., Njamwea B., Mwangome M., Hosegood V., Michel J., Oti S., Nyamukapa C., Crampin A., Amek N., Nakigozi G., Michael D., Xavier Gómez-Olivé F., Nakiyingi-Miiro J., Zaba B., Wringe A. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2017, 20:21188.

The HIV care cascade among female sex workers in Zimbabwe: results of a population-based survey from the Sisters Antiretroviral therapy Programme for Prevention of HIV, an Integrated Response (SAPPH-IRe) Trial. Cowan, F.M. ; Davey, C.B. ; Fearon, E. ; Mushati, P. ; Dirawo, J. ; Cambiano, V. ; Napierala Mavedzenge, S. ; Hanisch, D. ; Wong-Gruenwald, R. ; Chemhuru, M. ; Masuka, N. ; Hatzold, K. ; Mugurungi, O. ; Busza, J. ; Philips, A.N. ; Hargreaves, J.R. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 2017; 74(4):375-382

Sociology as a Population Science. Cleland, J; Popul Stud (Camb), 2017; 71(1):133-134

Maternal systemic or cord blood inflammation is associated with birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. Wilkinson, A.L. ; Pedersen, S.H. ; Urassa, M. ; Michael, D. ; Andreasen , A. ; Todd, J. ; Kinung’hi, S.M. ; Changalucha, J. ; McDermid, J.M. ; Trop Med Int Health, 2017; 22(1):52-62

Is “Sexual Competence” at First Heterosexual Intercourse Associated With Subsequent Sexual Health Status? Palmer M.J.; Clarke, L.; Ploubidis, G.B.; Mercer, C.H.; Gibson, L.J.; Johnson, A.M.; Copas, A.J.; Wellings, K.; J Sex Res, 2017; 54(1):91-104

Dysglycemia associations with adipose tissue among HIV-infected patients after 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza: a follow-up cross-sectional study. PrayGod, G. ; Changalucha, J. ; Kapiga, S. ; Peck, R. ; Todd, J. ; Filteau, S. ; BMC Infect Dis, 2017; 17(1):103

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